Diario del proyecto Bio-111_project

17 de octubre de 2021

Fungi Journal

One of the fungi I observed in mount-royal was Coprinellus. It is a genus of fungi that form mushrooms and it is in the family Psathyrellaceae.

The Psathyrellaceae family is known for the phenomenon called deliquescence. The fruiting body of these fungi will become a blackish inky ooze by autodigestion of the cells of the fruiting body when maturation. Within the Psathyrellaceae family, most of the species that undergo autodigestion are in the Coprinaceae genus.

Coprinellus often live in areas that are wet and rich in nitrogen, for example, muck soils, dung, wet soft decayed wood, lawns garden soils.

Ingresado el 17 de octubre de 2021 por chenelinor chenelinor | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

14 de octubre de 2021

Tracy Cheng - Lab 5 Journal Entry

The common bonnet, also referred to by its scientific name Mycelia Galericulata, is evidently found in vast forests. Specifically, they can be found growing in clusters on hardwood logs and stumps, mainly throughout Eastern North America. Common bonnet mushrooms typically grow within the spring and fall seasons, or even in winter depending on warmer climates. Sense wise, this mushroom can be described as having no distinctive odour and a taste that is somewhat "mealy". When noticing the structure of this fungi, they are generally able to grow a stem of approximately 5-9cm, and 2-5mm thick. Common bonnets usually appear whitish-brown with a very hollow, hooded cap.

References:
Kuo, Michael. (2010, December). Mycelia Galericulata. MushroomExpert.com. https://www.mushroomexpert.com/mycena_galericulata.html

Ingresado el 14 de octubre de 2021 por tracycheng11 tracycheng11 | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

12 de octubre de 2021

Journal 2 - Genus Cerioporus - Fungi Observation

One of the observations we had made during the lab (on the theme of fungi) was the
Genus Cerioporus, a fungi that has been categorized under the much broader group
of eukaryotes. Splitting further on the phylogenetic tree, it falls under the more specific
class of fungi known as Agaricomycetes. It thrives in moist environments, typically
growing off trees in heavily-forested regions. Recently, it has been discovered that the
species of fungi called Polyporus Squamosus (categorized under the Genus
Cerioporus) has certain chemical characteristics that allow it to be officially classified
as an antioxidant, which gives it a new and critical role in the pharmaceutical and
medical field in general. There are a large range of health benefits associated with
antioxidants that mainly involve disease reduction, when they are taken in moderation;
for example, they are linked to playing a role in lowering the risk of the
cardiovascular disease atherosclerosis.
References
Healthwise Staff. (2020, September 23). Antioxidants. Antioxidants | Michigan
Medicine. Retrieved October 12, 2021, from
https://www.uofmhealth.org/health-library/aa111137.
MedlinePlus. (2021, August 4). Antioxidants. MedlinePlus. Retrieved October 12,
2021, from https://medlineplus.gov/antioxidants.html.
mindat.org. (n.d.). Cerioporus. mindat.org. Retrieved October 12, 2021, from
https://www.mindat.org/taxon-7240748.html.
Mocan, A., Fernandes, Â., Baros, L., Crisan, G., Smiljkovic, M., Sokovic, M., &
Ferreira, I. (2018, January 24). Chemical composition and bioactive properties of
the wild mushroom polyporus squamosus (Huds.) FR: A study with samples from
Romania. Food & function. Retrieved October 12, 2021, from
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29168866/.

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06 de octubre de 2021

Emma Kowal Lab 5 Journal

Trametes versicolor or turkey tail is a common polypore mushroom found throughout the world. Trametes versicolor obtain nutrients from decomposing matter; they break down the deadwood of trees for nutrients, but this process helps clean their environment for new growth showing, that these fungi are involved in symbiotic relationships. Also, Trametes versicolor contains polysaccharides. Research has suggested, their polysaccharides can be utilized in immune therapy as secondary prevention strategies. Trametes versicolor fungi have been studied in three phases of clinical trials in patients with stomach, colorectal, esophageal, and breast cancer. The results from these trials support the hypothesis that immunomodulation can influence the clinical course in breast cancer.

References
Standish, L. J., Wenner, C. A., Sweet, E. S., Bridge, C., Nelson, A., Martzen, M., Novack, J., & Torkelson, C. (2008). Trametes versicolor mushroom immune therapy in breast cancer. Journal of the Society for Integrative Oncology

Ingresado el 06 de octubre de 2021 por emmakowal emmakowal | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

Lab 5 Journal Entry

One of the mushrooms that my group and I found was called the Blue Cheese Polypore. It's scientific name is the Cyanosporus causius or the Postia. The Blue Cheese Polypore can be found it both Europe and North American, although in different spots depending on the continent. The North American Blue Cheese Polypore can be found on standing or fallen trunks or decaying branches of trees. This fungi is not edible and has a fragrant odor. These mushrooms don't have really any explicit function for humans, they mostly function in order to decompose dead trees and branches. The Blue Cheese Polymore is lightly blue or white colored and was discovered for the first time in 1794.

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29 de septiembre de 2021

Flowers

Calystegia sepium (hedge false bindweed)
The flower is pink, with five petals. Leave are heart shape not separated into leaflets, edge of the leaf blade has no teeth


Impatiens capensis (jewelweed)
The flower is orange, white and yellow. It has simple alternate leaves (no leaflets) with teeth on the blade. The flower is bilaterally symmetrical. It has three petals that are not fused.


Oxalis dillenii (slender yellow wood sorel)
The flower is yellow, with five unfused petals and sepals. The leaves are compound and alternately arranged with entire blades (no teeth).

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22 de septiembre de 2021

Flowers

  1. Euphorbia peplus
    Euphorbia peplus is native to most of Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia, often invasive to North America and other countries in temperate and sub-tropical regions.

  2. Common adaptation
    All of the observed species in the group have at least one shape part in them that prevents other organisms from eaten or destroying them. For example, Conyzinae (flower) has bristle in their plume; maple has teeth in their leaves; bees have a needle that contains venom. This makes sense if species do not have these aggressive "weapons" to protect them, they will be eaten and become distinct.

  3. Unique trait adaptation
    Euphorbia peplus has a green flower that is very identical to its leaves, which might prevent it from being eaten or destroyed by other animals.

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21 de septiembre de 2021

Leatisha Ramloll - Leaves

  1. American Ginseng
    One unique adaptation for the American Ginseng is that it grows close to trees. This is because it needs the shade of the tree in order to survive since direct sunlight is harmful to it. As an additional bonus, the tree drops leaves which decay and create mulch allowing the plant to thrive.

  2. Common adaptation
    One adaptation that all observations have in common is that they are adapted to the harsh winters of the Montreal climate. For example, maple trees in the area will drop their leaves in order to conserve energy during harsh and cold winters.

  3. Black walnut- phylogeny placement
    The black walnut (scientifically referred to as Juglans Nigra) is part of the Dicotyledon class (plant/angiosperm that has a pair of leaves or cotyledon in the embryo of the seed) and the Juglandaceae (walnut) family.

Ingresado el 21 de septiembre de 2021 por leatisharamloll leatisharamloll | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

Anna Beyea - Plants of Mt Royal

  1. Sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)
    The sensitive fern is a part of the Onclea genus, a sub division of the polypodiophyta division in the Plantae Kingdom.
    In order to find this species on OneZoom, the pathway taken was that of the Eukaryotes, which specified into plants, then into land plants and eventually leading to ferns. This species is found in the phylogenic branch derived from the Onocleaceae family which includes the common ancestors Onclea orientalis, Shuttlecock fern and Sensitive fern.

  2. As a result of the particularly cold winter climate of Canada, all of the species observed have adapted in order to survive through cold weather and winter freeze. Sensitive ferns adapt by covering itself in fronds throughout the winter whereas species such as the woodsorrel overwinter to keep their population abundant.
  3. Sensitive fern
    Sensitive ferns, unlike some northern ferns, are not evergreen. This species dies in the winter, but continues to have an abundant population in cold climates due to adaptations which allows for the plant to reproduce. This plant produces fronds which proceed to overwinter before allowing the release of spores (a form of asexual reproduction) in the spring, leading to the continuous presence of the plant in colder climates.

Ingresado el 21 de septiembre de 2021 por annabeyea annabeyea | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

Bella Sidoti - Lab 2 Project Journal

  1. By using OneZoom, I was able to identify the phylogenic position of the Curly Dock (or Rumex Crispus) which I observed in Lab 2. The Curly Dock is one of 10 species in the Rumex transiens family, which is a part of the larger category of Docks. The Docks category is found under the Polygonoideae group, which is found under the Caryophyllales, which is under the Pentapetalae, which is under the large category of Eukaryotes.
  2. All of the observations I made were in the same area meaning that all of the species observed have to undergo certain adaptations according to their shared climate. The climate in Montreal is very cold in the winter months, which requires from the life in the area an ability to adapt to lower temperatures. An example of this is when trees, from which some of the leaves I observed in the lab were from, need to adapt to the weather changes, they will go dormant and slow down their internal processes in order to stay alive through the winter.
  3. One adaptation for the Dandelion (or Genus Taraxacum) which I observed during the lab, is that, when the weather gets colder, the dandelions will form a new rosette. This rosette is the leaf-like formation at the bottom of the Dandelion, which enables it to stay more stable and alive during the hard months of winter.

Ingresado el 21 de septiembre de 2021 por bellasidoti bellasidoti | 0 comentarios | Deja un comentario

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